Photograph: Miguel Rodríguez MorenoPhotograph: Miguel Rodríguez MorenoPhotograph: Miguel Rodríguez MorenoPhotograph: Miguel Rodríguez MorenoPhotograph: Miguel Rodríguez MorenoPhotograph: Miguel Rodríguez MorenoPhotograph: Miguel Rodríguez MorenoPhotograph: Miguel Rodríguez MorenoPhotograph: Miguel Rodríguez Moreno


Name of Monument:

Seville Citadel

Location:

Seville, Spain

Date of Monument:

13th-15th centuries

Architect(s) / master-builder(s):

Master builders from Toledo, Granada and Seville were involved in its construction.

Period / Dynasty:

Mudéjar

Patron(s):

Alfonso X (r. 1252–84); Alfonso XI (r. 1312–50); Pedro I of Castile (r. 1350–69); Juan II (r. 1406–54); Isabel I of Castile (r. 1474–1504) and Fernando II of Aragon and V of Castile (r. 1474–1516).

Description:

The Mudéjar citadel of Seville rises beside the remains of other palaces of former ages. The site has been occupied since Roman times by successive Umayyad, Almohad and Almoravid buildings, many of which are known to us through archaeological excavations. Alterations were made by Alfonso X to the Almohad palace, consisting of extensions to existing spaces, all in the Gothic style. Following the battle of Salado (1340), Alfonso XI remodelled the Courtyard of the Plasterwork (Yeso), adding a square-plan qubba (dome) with triple plaster arches on each side covered with a moamar (paired beam) roof. This space is known as the Hall of Justice.
The Palace of Pedro I backs onto the Palace of Alfonso X and was built from scratch between 1364 and 1366. Its façade, opening onto the Courtyard of the Hunt (Montería), influenced the palaces at Tordesillas (Valladolid) and Comares (Granada) and the interior of the Tránsito Synagogue (Toledo). The inside is clearly divided into two areas, one private and one public. The area around the Courtyard of the Maidens (Doncellas) was used for representations along with the Ambassadors' Room, the Room of the Half Cane or the Room of the Ceiling of Felipe II.
It is said that King Muhammad IV, a political ally of Pedro I, sent craftsmen to decorate his palaces and that, following a visit to the Seville Citadel, he ordered the construction of the Comares Palace in Granada.
In 1427, during the reign of Juan II, Diego Ruiz completed the hemispherical cupola of the Ambassadors' Room. The Catholic Kings extended the upper storey and the Upper Royal Chamber was taken by the king. The antechamber, room and bedroom of the queen were built at the same time, along with the chapel and the anteroom to the banqueting hall. The gabled roofs in the lower storey were replaced with flat roofs.

View Short Description

A paradigm of the complexity of the Mudéjar style in the AH 8th / AD 14th century, and the palatial architecture of this style, the citadel was the result of the combined work of craftsmen from Toledo, Granada and Seville itself. It is a synthesis of Toledan Mudéjar tradition, earlier Almohad art in Seville and contemporary Nasrid art from Granada, and is considered to be the most important monument in Mudéjar art. Its imposing façade and the Courtyard of the Maidens (Doncellas) in the Palace of Pedro I are particularly noteworthy.

How Monument was dated:

Using the Arabic and Castillian inscriptions on the façade (1364) and on one of the gateways to the Courtyard of the Maidens (1366).

Selected bibliography:

Carriazo y Arroquia, J. de M., Alcázar de Sevilla, Barcelona 192(?)(trilingual edition in Spanish, French and English), pp.3–12.
Díez Jorge, M.ª E., El Arte Mudéjar: Expresión Estética de una Convivencia, Granada, 2001, pp.261–5.
López Guzmán, R., Arquitectura Mudéjar: Del Sincretismo Medieval a las Alternativas Hispanoamericanas, Madrid, pp.254–7.
Morales Martínez, A. J., “Arte Mudéjar en Andalucía”, El Arte Mudéjar, Saragossa, 1996, pp.132–5.
Torres Balbás, L., Arte Mudéjar, Ars Hispaniae, Vol. IV, Madrid, 1949, pp.315–9.
Mudéjar Art: Islamic Aesthetics in Christian Art, pp.252–5.

Citation of this web page:

M.ª del Carmen Alonso Rodríguez "Seville Citadel" in Discover Islamic Art, Museum With No Frontiers, 2019. 2019. http://islamicart.museumwnf.org/database_item.php?id=monument;ISL;es;Mon01;26;en

Prepared by: M.ª Del Carmen Alonso RodríguezM.ª del Carmen Alonso Rodríguez

María del Carmen Alonso Rodríguez es arqueóloga. En la actualidad está vinculada, como colaboradora, al Departamento de Ciencias y Técnicas Historiográficas de la Universidad Complutense de Madrid. Ha participado en numerosos proyectos de investigación, entre los que figura el estudio de las alfarerías romanas en la bahía de Cádiz. También ha sido miembro de proyectos europeos en los que ha tomado parte el Museo Arqueológico Nacional, como los denominados RAMA (Remote Access to Museum Archives), RACE y Champollion. Entre sus trabajos recientes, ha publicado estudios de las antigüedades ingresadas en las colecciones reales españolas en el siglo XVIII y de las excavaciones patrocinadas por Carlos III en las ciudades de Pompeya, Herculano y Estabias.

Copyedited by: Rosalía AllerRosalía Aller

Rosalía Aller Maisonnave, licenciada en Letras (Universidad Católica del Uruguay), y en Filología Hispánica y magíster en Gestión Cultural de Música, Teatro y Danza (Universidad Complutense de Madrid), ha obtenido becas de la Agencia Española de Cooperación Internacional y la Universidad Nacional de Educación a Distancia de Madrid, así como el Diplôme de Langue Française (Alliance Française), el Certificate of Proficiency in English (University of Cambridge) y el Certificado Superior en inglés y francés (Escuela Oficial de Idiomas de Madrid). Profesora de Estética de la Poesía y Teoría Literaria en la Universidad Católica del Uruguay, actualmente es docente de Lengua Castellana y Literatura en institutos de Enseñanza Secundaria y formación del profesorado en Madrid. Desde 1983, ha realizado traducción y edición de textos en Automated Training Systems, Applied Learning International, Videobanco Formación y El Derecho Editores. Integra el equipo de Museo Sin Fronteras desde 1999 y ha colaborado en la revisión de los catálogos de “El Arte Islámico en el Mediterráneo”. Así mismo, ha realizado publicaciones sobre temas literarios y didácticos, ha dictado conferencias y ha participado en recitales poéticos.

Translation by: Laurence Nunny
Translation copyedited by: Monica Allen

MWNF Working Number: SP 30

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