Photograph: Bence Tihanyi, Ágnes Bakos,  © Bence Tihanyi, Ágnes Bakos


Name of Object:

The Arrival of the Holy Crown at Buda

Location:

Budapest, Hungary

Holding Museum:

Budapest History Museum

About Budapest History Museum, Budapest

Date of Object:

1790

Artist(s) / Craftsperson(s):

Hieronymus Löschenkohl

Museum Inventory Number:

3650

Material(s) / Technique(s):

Engraving on paper

Dimensions:

H: 72 cm; w: 58.7 cm

Description:

The history of the Holy Crown goes back a long way and tells a story full of dramatic event. During the reign of Queen Maria Theresia, the Holy Crown was preserved in Vienna. In 1780, when the Holy Roman Emperor Joseph II (1765–1790), son of Maria Theresia, ascended to the Hungarian throne, the Holy Crown was kept in Vienna but Joseph II refused to be crowned with it or take the coronation oath. For this reason he was named Pál Ányos, and this is why his nickname “king of Hut” was widespread all over in Hungary. Following his death, the Holy Crown was returned to Buda in a ceremonial procession to the Royal Castle. On the occasion the diet was summoned there, which had last happened in 1530. The engraving represents the ceremonial procession, and is well known as the first and only example of such a festive event in Hungary.

View Short Description

An engraved representation of the return of the Holy Crown of Hungary from Vienna to Buda in 1790.

How date and origin were established:

On the basis of the object itself

How Object was obtained:

Purchased from an art dealer between the two world wars in Budapest.

Selected bibliography:

Budapest az Újkorban (Budapest in the Modern Times), (ed. G. Szvoboda Dománszky), Budapest, 1995, p.23.

Citation of this web page:

Beatrix  Basics "The Arrival of the Holy Crown at Buda" in Discover Islamic Art, Museum With No Frontiers, 2019. http://islamicart.museumwnf.org/database_item.php?id=object;BAR;hu;Mus11_A;44;en

Prepared by: Beatrix Basics
Copyedited by: Terézia BardiTerézia Bardi

SURNAME: Bardi
NAME: Terézia Anna

AFFILIATION: National Trust of Monuments for Hungary

TITLE: Art Historian, Vice Director for Research at The National Trust of
Monuments for Hungary; MWNF DBA local co-ordinator (Hungary), author
and copy-editor

CV:
Terézia Bardi, Vice Director for Research at the National Trust of Monuments for Hungary since 2004, was awarded her MA in History and History of Art at the Eötvös Loránd University in Budapest. After a period of fellowships mainly in Italy, Terézia gained her PhD from the Faculty of Art History at the same university for her thesis Presentation and Representation – the European Reception of the Liberation of Buda in 1686: Feast and Public Opinion. Her main fields of research are 17th-and18th-century Baroque and Rococo: the spectacles, festival decorations and associated iconography – including theatre productions of the period – and interior decoration of historic houses. Since 1988, she has edited a number of art historical books that include some on Oriental art and architecture. She is MWNF DBA’s local (Hungarian) co-ordinator, author and copy-editor.

Translation by: Beatrix Basics
Translation copyedited by: Mandi Gomez

MWNF Working Number: HU 67

RELATED CONTENT

 Artistic Introduction

 Timeline for this item


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