Name of Object:

Dish

Location:

Madrid, Spain

Holding Museum:

National Archaeological Museum

About National Archaeological Museum, Madrid

Date of Object:

Second half of the 15th century

Museum Inventory Number:

51107

Material(s) / Technique(s):

Clay, kaolin; firing, glazing, gold highlights.

Dimensions:

Height 9 cm, diameter 45 cm, diameter of base 14.5 cm

Period / Dynasty:

Mudéjar

Provenance:

Manises or Paterna, Valencia, Spain.

Description:

Ceramics with metallic highlights were exceptionally successful in the late Middle Ages, and were sought after by the finest European courts. The coats of arms of royalty and nobility, in particular Italians such as the Tedaldi or Nasi families, are commonly depicted. These ceramics, so colourful and elegant, are reminiscent of Gothic painting. The manufacturing and decorating processes were complex, as the pieces required several firings to obtain the different colours. This dish was turned on a potter's wheel. Its surface is covered with a white or cream tin glaze. The sides are concave and the brim slightly inclined. The topside is decorated in gold and deep blue. The central, golden coat of arms, inscribed in a toothed blue border, shows an eagle with outstretched wings. It is possible that it belonged to the Despujols family, and it is repeated in other pieces. The coat of arms is surrounded by a thin strip of fringes and spirals and tiny fern leaves. Near the edge, there is a wide band with large gilt pinecones in reserve, alternating with large deep-blue flowers. The remaining spaces are filled with arabesque leaves. On the underside there is another eagle in the same position as the first, covering the entire area, and fern leaves in the empty spaces. The heraldic coats of arms, as well as telling us about the tastes of high society, are useful for determining when the pieces were manufactured, as they include data on family history.

View Short Description

Dish decorated in a manner typical of AH 9th-/ AD 15th-century Mudéjar ceramics, with Nasrid-style motifs such as the gold and blue motifs on the front combined with the coat-of-arms of the family that commissioned the piece. In this case, an eagle appears on both sides of the dish.

How date and origin were established:

From its style and from comparison with other similar dishes. In this case, the coat of arms that decorates it serves as a historical reference.

How Object was obtained:

The piece was purchased for the National Archaeological Museum from Vicente Juan y Amat on 27 June 1872.

How provenance was established:

From its formal and stylistic characteristics, from the archaeological digs that have been carried out and from the extensive documentation that is available.

Selected bibliography:

Camps Cazorla, E., Catálogo Sumario del Museo Arqueológico Nacional. Cerámica Española (Nuevas Instalaciones), Madrid, 1936, p.31, plate III.
Franco Mata, á., Balmaseda Muncharaz, L., Arias Sánchez, I. and Papí Rodes, C., “La Documentación de las Cerámicas Valencianas Medievales en el Museo Arqueológico Nacional”, in La Cerámica de Paterna. Reflejos del Mediterráneo, Exhibition catalogue, Valencia, 2002, pp.106–18.

Citation of this web page:

Ángela Franco "Dish" in Discover Islamic Art, Museum With No Frontiers, 2019. http://islamicart.museumwnf.org/database_item.php?id=object;ISL;es;Mus01;48;en

Prepared by: Ángela FrancoÁngela Franco

Ángela Franco es Jefa del Departamento de Antigüedades Medievales en el Museo Arqueológico Nacional.
Obtuvo el Grado de Doctor por la Universidad Complutense de Madrid con la tesis Escultura gótica en León y provincia, premiada y publicada parcialmente (Madrid, 1976; reed. León, 1998); y la Diplomatura en Paleografía y Archivística por la Scuola Vaticana di Paleografia, Diplomatica e Archivistica, con la tesis L'Archivio paleografico italiano: indici dei manoscritti, publicada en castellano (Madrid, 1985). Becas de investigación: beca posdoctoral del Ministerio de Asuntos Exteriores, Academia Española de Bellas Artes de Roma (1974-75); beca posdoctoral del Ministerio de Educación y Ciencia, Academia Española de Bellas Artes de Roma (1975-77); beca de la Fundación Juan March de Madrid (1978).
Tiene en su haber 202 publicaciones, fundamentalmente sobre arte medieval cristiano, en especial la iconografía: Crucifijo gótico doloroso, Doble Credo, Danzas de la Muerte, temática bíblica en relación con la liturgia (el Génesis y el Éxodo en relación con la vigilia Pascual) o con el teatro (Secundum legem debet mori, sobre el “pozo de Moisés” de la cartuja de Dijon). Es autora de cuatro catálogos monográficos del Museo Arqueológico Nacional, entre ellos el de Dedales islámicos (Madrid, 1993), y de publicaciones sobre escultura gótica y pintura en la catedral de León y sobre escultura gótica en Ávila, así como de numerosas fichas para catálogos de exposiciones.
Ha participado en innumerables congresos nacionales e internacionales, presentando ponencias y mesas redondas, y ha dirigido cursos y ciclos de conferencias. Es Secretaria de Publicaciones en el Museo Arqueológico Nacional desde 1989.

Copyedited by: Rosalía AllerRosalía Aller

Rosalía Aller Maisonnave, licenciada en Letras (Universidad Católica del Uruguay), y en Filología Hispánica y magíster en Gestión Cultural de Música, Teatro y Danza (Universidad Complutense de Madrid), ha obtenido becas de la Agencia Española de Cooperación Internacional y la Universidad Nacional de Educación a Distancia de Madrid, así como el Diplôme de Langue Française (Alliance Française), el Certificate of Proficiency in English (University of Cambridge) y el Certificado Superior en inglés y francés (Escuela Oficial de Idiomas de Madrid). Profesora de Estética de la Poesía y Teoría Literaria en la Universidad Católica del Uruguay, actualmente es docente de Lengua Castellana y Literatura en institutos de Enseñanza Secundaria y formación del profesorado en Madrid. Desde 1983, ha realizado traducción y edición de textos en Automated Training Systems, Applied Learning International, Videobanco Formación y El Derecho Editores. Integra el equipo de Museo Sin Fronteras desde 1999 y ha colaborado en la revisión de los catálogos de “El Arte Islámico en el Mediterráneo”. Así mismo, ha realizado publicaciones sobre temas literarios y didácticos, ha dictado conferencias y ha participado en recitales poéticos.

Translation by: Laurence Nunny
Translation copyedited by: Monica Allen

MWNF Working Number: SP 71

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