Albarello-shaped tarro (jar)
London, England, United Kingdom
The British Museum
Hegira 8th / AD 14th century
White-glazed and blue and brown lustre-painted earthenware.
Height 28 cm, diameter 9.5 cm
Andalucia, southern Spain.
An albarello-shaped tarro (jar) with cylindrical body, made of earthenware with white glaze, decorated in brown lustre and blue. High and slightly projecting shoulders slope to the neck that has an almost vertical profile. The broader lower section sits on a circular convex foot. The body is painted with a tree-of-life motif, repeated eight times; four springing from the base-line and four inverted trees springing from the neck. The upright trees alternating with inverted trees form a bold symmetrical design. Framing the foliage of the trees are diagonal lines of pseudo-script on a white background painted in gold. The tree trunks are composed of a row of heart-shapes with gold outline and blue body. The upper part of the tree is also outlined in gold. On the sloping shoulder of the jar is an inscription in naskhi script: 'felicity and prosperity', a typical refrain found in Islamic pottery. A narrow frieze, in blue and gold, decorates the neck. This elegant tarro with its well-proportioned shape and design suggests the work of one of the sovereign's potters. Indeed, the tree-of-life motif appears in wooden decoration in the Alhambra Palace. Given this stylistic connection, as well as the fine-quality lustre painting, this tarro may have been amongst the sovereign's own tableware.View Short Description
An albarello, or jar, decorated with a tree-of-life motif. The elegant shape and striking decoration suggest that this jar was made for the Nasrid court. The tree-of-life motif appears on the ceiling of the Alhambra Palace, the Nasrid royal court in Granada.
This albarello-shaped tarro has been connected by both its form and decoration to the end of the reign of Yusuf I or slightly later (r. 753–64 / 1353-63); the tree-of-life motif appears on the ceiling of the Salon de Comares in the Alhambra Palace, Granada.
Part of the Godman Bequest to the British Museum in 1983.
The style, shape and technique of this tarro indicate that it was produced under the Nasrids in Andalucia, southern Spain. More specifically the decoration recalls the ceiling design in the Salon de Comares in the Alhambra Palace, Granada.
Fernández-Puertas, A., "Cuatro Tarros Nazaríes", Miscelanea de Estudios Arabes y Hebreos, 49, Granada, 2000, pp.371–94.
Ray, A., Spanish Pottery 1248–1898, London, 2000.
Emily Shovelton "Albarello-shaped tarro (jar)" in Discover Islamic Art, Museum With No Frontiers, 2019. http://islamicart.museumwnf.org/database_item.php?id=object;ISL;uk;Mus01;43;en
Prepared by: Emily ShoveltonEmily Shovelton
Emily Shovelton is a historian of Islamic art. She studied history of art at Edinburgh University before completing an MA in Islamic and Indian art at the School of Oriental and African Studies (SOAS) in London. Since graduating she has worked on a number of projects at the British Museum. Other recent work includes editing and writing for a digital database of architectural photographs at the British Library. She is currently working on a Ph.D. on “Sultanate Painting in 15th-century India and its relationship to Persian, Mamluk and Indian Painting”, to be completed at SOAS in 2006. A paper on Sultanate painting given at the Conference of European Association of South Asian Archaeologists, held in the British Museum in July 2005, is due to be published next year.
Copyedited by: Mandi Gomez
MWNF Working Number: UK1 61