Glasgow, Scotland, United Kingdom
Burrell Collection, Glasgow Museums
Hegira 7th century / AD 13th century
Stone-paste (fritware), painted, black decoration under a transparent green glaze.
Height 11.4 cm, diameter (of rim) 20.9 cm
A shallow, stone-paste (fritware) footed bowl with a flat top rim: it is decorated with six rectangular rotating bands with heavy black outlines, which form a hexagon in the centre; the rim is decorated with pseudo-Arabic in kufic script. Organic decoration fills the background between the bands and in the centre of the hexagon.
Raqqa was one of two major pottery-production centres in Ayyubid Syria, the other being Rusafah. In Raqqa there were a number of pottery workshops that produced a range of ceramics including lustre-painted, relief-moulded, and underglaze-painted vessels. The pottery ceased production when the Mongols razed the city to the ground in AH 657 / AD 1259.
Syrian wares of this type were also found widely throughout Egypt, due to Fustat in Egypt being both a busy international port and due to the fact that Syrian potters settled in Fustat, establishing their own pottery workshops.
Raqqa, where this bowl was made, was one of two major pottery-production centres during the Ayyubid period in Syria. The style and decoration of this dish, and the composition of the glaze and how it has deteriorated, are typical features of Raqqa pottery.
Stylistic analysis, together with analysis of the material composition of the vessel's body which is distinctively that of Raqqa. Furthermore, the nature and extent of the deterioration of the glaze is also typical of Raqqa ceramics.
Part of the collection given to the City of Glasgow by Sir William and Lady Burrell in 1944.
The vessel is typical of Raqqa ceramics in both its material composition and in the nature of the deterioration of the glaze.
Fehervari, G., Ceramics of the Islamic World in the Tareq Rajab Museum, London, 2000.
Grube, E. J., Cobalt and Lustre: The First Centuries of Islamic Pottery, the Nasser D. Khalili Collection of Islamic Art, Vol. 9, London, 1994.
Noorah Al-Gailani "Bowl" in Discover Islamic Art, Museum With No Frontiers, 2020. http://islamicart.museumwnf.org/database_item.php?id=object;ISL;uk;Mus04;11;en
Prepared by: Noorah Al-GailaniNoorah Al-Gailani
Noorah Al-Gailani is Curator for Islamic Civilisations at Glasgow Museums, Scotland. With a BA in Interior Design from the College of Fine Arts, Baghdad University and three years' experience in design and folk art preservation, she moved to the UK in 1992. On completing her MA in Museum Studies at the Institute of Archaeology, University College London in 1994, she worked as Project Officer at the Grange Museum of Community History documenting the presence of Muslim communities in the London Borough of Brent. In 1995 she was Assistant Curator, Ancient Monuments Laboratory, English Heritage, and in 1996 became Curator for John Wesley's House and the Museum of Methodism in London. She co-authored The Islamic Year: Surahs, Stories and Celebrations (Stroud: Hawthorn Press, 2002) for non-Muslim children. Since 2003 she has been based at The Burrell Collection in Glasgow, working across the city's museums to interpret Islamic art and culture, ancient and modern, through research, exhibitions and educational activities.
Copyedited by: Mandi Gomez
MWNF Working Number: UK4 17
Islamic Dynasties / Period
On display in
Discover Islamic Art Exhibition(s)Geometric Decoration | Geometric Decoration in Ceramic Recipients
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