Name of Object:

Prayer rug

Location:

Glasgow, Scotland, United Kingdom

Holding Museum:

Burrell Collection, Glasgow Museums

About Burrell Collection, Glasgow Museums, Glasgow

Date of Object:

Hegira 1217 / AD 1802

Museum Inventory Number:

BC 9.57

Material(s) / Technique(s):

Wool (warp, weft and pile); woven on a handloom.

Dimensions:

Length 200.6 cm, width 111.7 cm

Period / Dynasty:

Ottoman

Provenance:

Ladik, Anatolia, Turkey.

Description:

A prayer rug that is typical of those produced in Ladik, a village near the city of Konya in central Anatolia. The rug has a red, central niche surrounded by three decorated frames. In the centre of the niche is an abstract tree-of-life motif springing from a stylised water-vessel. Above the vessel there is a rectangle with illegible text; above the tip of the niche there are a crescent and another rectangle with the date according to the hegira calendar, '1217' (1802) woven sideways. Made by the women in the village on a domestic handloom, the design for this type of prayer rug is inspired by the columned, court prayer rugs of the AH 10th–11th / AD 16th–17th centuries. The women also reared the sheep, sheered the wool, spun it and dyed it. Ladik lay on the main pilgrimage route from north to south, and these rugs were made to supplement the villagers' income, and were, subsequently, presented to mosques and shrines in the area and beyond as pious offerings. One such rug appears in a 17th-century European painting, a still life by Nicolaes van Gelder, dated 1664.

View Short Description

This prayer rug is an example of those produced in the village of Ladik near Konya in Anatolia. Made by the women in the village, on a domestic handloom, the rugs were sold to pilgrims who passed through on their way to Mecca. They in turn donated them to mosques and shrines on their return.

How date and origin were established:

Woven into the rug is the date according to the hegira calendar, '1217' (1802) positioned in a rectangle above the tip of the crescent on top of the niche.

How Object was obtained:

Part of the collection given to the City of Glasgow by Sir William and Lady Burrell in 1944.

How provenance was established:

Artistic analysis and comparison with other prayer rugs made in Ladik.

Selected bibliography:

Bailey, J.,'Ladik Prayer Rugs', Halı,no. 28, October–December 1985, London, pp.18–25.

Black, D., World Rugs and Carpets: A Comprehensive Guide to the Design, Provenance and Buying of Carpets, Feltham, 1985.

Citation of this web page:

Noorah Al-Gailani "Prayer rug" in Discover Islamic Art, Museum With No Frontiers, 2019. http://islamicart.museumwnf.org/database_item.php?id=object;ISL;uk;Mus04;35;en

Prepared by: Noorah Al-GailaniNoorah Al-Gailani

Noorah Al-Gailani is Curator for Islamic Civilisations at Glasgow Museums, Scotland. With a BA in Interior Design from the College of Fine Arts, Baghdad University and three years' experience in design and folk art preservation, she moved to the UK in 1992. On completing her MA in Museum Studies at the Institute of Archaeology, University College London in 1994, she worked as Project Officer at the Grange Museum of Community History documenting the presence of Muslim communities in the London Borough of Brent. In 1995 she was Assistant Curator, Ancient Monuments Laboratory, English Heritage, and in 1996 became Curator for John Wesley's House and the Museum of Methodism in London. She co-authored The Islamic Year: Surahs, Stories and Celebrations (Stroud: Hawthorn Press, 2002) for non-Muslim children. Since 2003 she has been based at The Burrell Collection in Glasgow, working across the city's museums to interpret Islamic art and culture, ancient and modern, through research, exhibitions and educational activities.

Copyedited by: Mandi Gomez

MWNF Working Number: UK4 39

RELATED CONTENT

 Artistic Introduction

 Timeline for this item

Islamic Dynasties / Period

Ottomans


On display in

MWNF Galleries

Carpets Religious life


See also

Virtual Visit Exhibition Trail

EARLY OTTOMAN ART - Legacy of the Emirates


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