Out of the two Mamluk Sultans discussed here, Qalawun was probably the most prolific instigator of architectural projects. The scale of his complex in Cairo, which marks a new phase in Mamluk architecture, is truly imposing, comprising a madrasa
, mausoleum (qubba
) and hospital (bimaristan
). The bimaristan
was built following Qalawun’s experience in the Bimaristan
Nur al-Din, a hospital in Damascus. So impressed was he by the treatment he received, that he vowed that if he recovered to take the throne he would build a similar one in Cairo. Soon after his reign began in 682 / 1283 he initiated the project. The bimaristan
was unusual for its time being dedicated to Muslims of both sexes and from any social position.