Sartorial Splendour: Tiraz and Contemporary Costume
'Fatimid Egypt was famous for its so-called dar al-tiraz textile workshops.'
Fatimid Egypt was famous for its luxury textile production and in particular the so-called dar al-tiraz textile workshops in Damietta, Dabiq, Tanis, Alexandria and Shata. The Persian word tiraz denotes an embroidered decorative band, attached near the edge of a fabric or a garment, that included blessings and – in the Fatimid period – the name of the ruling caliph or high-ranking patron. Each tiraz workshop had a designated manager to oversee the production, packing and transportation of the textiles, in particular those destined for the caliph himself. The status of this individual was very high; he commanded an impressive salary and was honoured with a welcoming procession and reception whenever he visited Cairo.
Handkerchief/ textile fragment

Hegira 365–86 / AD 975–96
Museum of Islamic Art
Cairo, Egypt
A textile fragment that bears the name of the caliph al-'Aziz bi-Allah (r. 365–86 / 975–96).