Geometric Decoration
Geometric Decoration and the Art of the Book
‘The work of decorating the Qur’a attracted bookbinders, calligraphers and illuminators.’
The total prohibition of figurative representation in the Qur'an meant that only abstract motifs or 'illuminations', particularly geometrical ones, were used as decoration. This decorative work attracted a range of different artistic specialists, such as bookbinders, calligraphers and illuminators, and ended up spreading to other disciplines, such as weaving, metalwork, carpentry, monumental inscriptions and architectural decoration.
The most common format used for Qur'ans was a vertical rectangle, although square and horizontal examples were made.
Leather binding

Hegira, end of the 3rd–beginning of 4th centuries / AD 9th–10th centuries
Aghlabid, Fatimid
Museum of Islamic Art
Raqqada, Kairouan, Tunisia
The embossed leather cover was often decorated with medallions, geometric patterns and kufic script and the whole was framed by a braided geometric motif.