Considering the sacred nature of the book, illuminators took great care in the decoration of the first (fatiha
and last (khatima
) pages, the whole of which was often illuminated. The beginning of a verse (sura
was often marked with a cartouche, and pages would sometimes be framed with more or less elaborate geometric patterns. The date and place of manufacture, and occasionally the recipient, would normally be indicated on the colophon.