The Muslim West
Court Life
The ceremony of dining
The ceremony of dining and the manner of the diners themselves became increasingly refined under the influence of Baghdad. Food that was once shared from a common receptacle was now placed on several dishes served according to a strict protocol. Menus were enriched with new and varied recipes with flavours and smells intended to delight. After-dinner entertainment included music and dancers, all within an ornate palatial setting, thus ensuring that all the senses were enchanted.
Ataifor (bowl)

Hegira 324–66 / AD 936–76
Umayyads of al-Andalus, Caliphate period
National Archaeological Museum
Madrid, Spain
Dishes were served at elegantly laid tables furnished with cut and blown glass and sumptuous glazed ceramic crockery, all illuminated by fine bronze lamps.