The Muslim West
Science and Knowledge
Madrasas: centres of higher learning
The scientific knowledge developed by the Muslims was considered the most advanced in the world. The conquest of the Byzantine and Sassanid empires and access to their libraries allowed Muslims to make translations and take on all of the knowledge of classical and Eastern antiquity recorded in the literature, and from there to develop all areas of their own knowledge, including religious studies, the basis of all scientific learning.
Shamma'iya Madrasa

Hegira 634–47 / AD 1236–49
Tunis, Tunisia
Classes in religion, law, philology, literature, medicine, mathematics and astronomy were all undertaken in a mosque school in classrooms that adjoined a courtyard and from which the prayer room and the rooms accommodating the students and teachers were also reached.