Abbasid Ceramics
'The caliph al- Musta'insent 139 square lustre-painted tiles for the renovation of the mihrab.'
During the early Abbasid period, the refined and luxury-loving ruler and imperial court got directly involved in sponsoring new innovations in the ceramics industry, especially the development and manufacture of lustre wares. When an earthquake damaged the Great Mosque of Kairouan in 247 / 862, the caliph Musta‘in sent 139 square, lustre-painted tiles for the renovation of the mihrab, and sent with them a tile-maker from Baghdad to make more tiles. He also donated money, marble panels and teak wood for a new minbar. In 338 / 950 the Arab geographer, Ibn Hawqal, visited Tunisia and praised the beauty of the locally made lustre ceramics, equating them to those manufactured in Iraq.
Great Mosque of Kairouan

Hegira 221 / AD 836
Umayyad, Abbasid
Kairouan, Tunisia
On the wall of the mihrab in the Great Mosque, polychrome lustre tiles from Iraq alternated with simpler locally made bichromatic lustre tiles.