Syria was one of the main battlegrounds during the Crusader
period, and witnessed the construction of many Muslim citadels and Frankish castles. Saladin (d. 589 / 1193) – the most famous Muslim hero of the Crusader
was buried in Damascus. His successful campaigns saw the conquest of some 50 Crusader
positions, including Chateau de Saone which he besieged in 584 / 1188. Now known as Qal‘at Salah al-Din, or Saladin Castle, this is one of the finest examples of a castle from the period extant.