Artisans drew readily on the many influences available to them from the East and the West. Most remarkable was the evolution of Qur’an
production. The collaboration between calligraphers, illuminators and bookbinders created outstandingly splendid manuscripts worthy of the religious aspirations of the Mamluk sultanate. Spectacular, often intricately inlaid metalwork was made for the domestic and export markets, with some items commissioned by individual foreign clients.