Name of Monument:
Date of Monument:
Architect(s) / master-builder(s):
Master builders from Toledo, Granada and Seville were involved in its construction.
Period / Dynasty:
Alfonso X (r. 1252–84); Alfonso XI (r. 1312–50); Pedro I of Castile (r. 1350–69); Juan II (r. 1406–54); Isabel I of Castile (r. 1474–1504) and Fernando II of Aragon and V of Castile (r. 1474–1516).
The Mudéjar citadel of Seville rises beside the remains of other palaces of former ages. The site has been occupied since Roman times by successive Umayyad, Almohad and Almoravid buildings, many of which are known to us through archaeological excavations. Alterations were made by Alfonso X to the Almohad palace, consisting of extensions to existing spaces, all in the Gothic style. Following the battle of Salado (1340), Alfonso XI remodelled the Courtyard of the Plasterwork (Yeso), adding a square-plan qubba (dome) with triple plaster arches on each side covered with a moamar (paired beam) roof. This space is known as the Hall of Justice.
View Short Description
A paradigm of the complexity of the Mudéjar style in the AH 8th / AD 14th century, and the palatial architecture of this style, the citadel was the result of the combined work of craftsmen from Toledo, Granada and Seville itself. It is a synthesis of Toledan Mudéjar tradition, earlier Almohad art in Seville and contemporary Nasrid art from Granada, and is considered to be the most important monument in Mudéjar art. Its imposing façade and the Courtyard of the Maidens (Doncellas) in the Palace of Pedro I are particularly noteworthy.
How Monument was dated:
Using the Arabic and Castillian inscriptions on the façade (1364) and on one of the gateways to the Courtyard of the Maidens (1366).
Carriazo y Arroquia, J. de M., Alcázar de Sevilla, Barcelona 192(?)(trilingual edition in Spanish, French and English), pp.3–12.
Citation of this web page:
M.ª del Carmen Alonso Rodríguez "Seville Citadel" in Discover Islamic Art, Museum With No Frontiers, 2019. 2019. http://islamicart.museumwnf.org/database_item.php?id=monument;ISL;es;Mon01;26;en