Name of Monument:
Date of Monument:
Hegira 6th–7th century / AD 12th–13th century
Period / Dynasty:
Baldwin I (r. AH 509–12 / AD 1115–18).
Shawbak is a Crusader, Ayyubid–Mamluk castle of the AH 6th–7th / AD 12th and 13th centuries. Located in southern Jordan, it is 120 km south of Kerak, and 35 km north of the fabulous Nabataean city of Petra. In AH 509 / AD 1115 Baldwin I, founder of the Latin kingdom of Jerusalem, led a major expedition into the region southeast of the Dead Sea. He crossed wadi Araba and marched to the fertile, wooded district of al-Shawbak. There atop a steep mountain, overlooking a well-watered valley, Baldwin erected a huge castle, which he named, 'le Crac de Montreal' and appointed Roman le Puy as lord of Montreal and the land of Oultre Jourdain.
View Short Description
Shawbak Castle was built in AH 509 / AD 1115 by Baldwin I, founder of the Latin Kingdom of Jerusalem, who named it Le Crac de Montreal. It is linked with two smaller fortresses at Petra, which gave the Franks loose control over the area between the Dead Sea and the Gulf of Aqaba, and hindered the commercial and military connection between Syria, Egypt and the Hijaz. Shawbak fell to the forces of Salah al-Din in 584 / 1188. Numerous Arabic inscriptions record various reconstructions of the castle, including fine examples of early Mamluk fortification that show the evolution of siege defences.
How Monument was dated:
The monument was date by both inscriptions in situ and historical sources.
المومني، سعد محمد، " القلاع الإسلامية في الأردن : الفترة الأيوبية و المملوكية"، عمان، 1988، ص. 24– 93.
Citation of this web page:
Ghazi Bisheh "Shawbak Castle" in Discover Islamic Art, Museum With No Frontiers, 2019. 2019. http://islamicart.museumwnf.org/database_item.php?id=monument;ISL;jo;Mon01;21;en
Prepared by: Ghazi Bisheh