Name of Object:
Large plate with floral decoration
Museum of Islamic Art at the Pergamon Museum
Date of Object:
Around Hegira 957–63 / AD 1550–5
Museum Inventory Number:
KGM 1898, 266
Material(s) / Technique(s):
Quartz fritware pottery with underglaze painting.
Height 6.5 cm diameter 37.7 cm
Period / Dynasty:
This large plate with a flat rim is decorated with a variety of colours and black contour lines. Three composite flowers, lilies and hyacinths, grow, almost straight, out of a blossoming plant, on gently swaying stems. The large composite flowers have been creatively interpreted from elements of the blossoms of palms, lotus and marrow, all brought together to form a whole. This has been referred to as ‘botanical art’. This floral-design repertoire is part of the so-called ‘quatre fleurs’ (four flowers) style that is composed of four garden flowers – rose, carnation, tulip and hyacinth – and which, from around AH 945 / AD 1540, represented the main motifs of Turkish ceramics.
View Short Description
The potteries in Iznik made numerous flower plates in different styles. This one is from the middle of the 16th century. On a white ground, sprays of composite flowers and hyacinths are symmetrically arranged using a subdued colour scheme of black, celadon-green and shades of blue.
How date and origin were established:
The plate can be dated to around 957–63 / 1550–5, because of the particularity of its painted decoration and because of the existence of similar pieces from the period.
How Object was obtained:
Acquired from Durlacher, London, by the Arts and Crafts Museum, Berlin, in 1898. Transferred to the Museum of Islamic Art as a long-term loan.
How provenance was established:
The shape and particularity of the painted decoration testify to this plate being a product of the workshops of the Ottoman town of Iznik.
Atasoy, N. and Raby, J., Iznik: The Pottery of Ottoman Turkey, London, 1989, no. 354, pp.90–4.
Citation of this web page:
Annette Hagedorn "Large plate with floral decoration" in Discover Islamic Art, Museum With No Frontiers, 2020. http://islamicart.museumwnf.org/database_item.php?id=object;ISL;de;Mus01;36;en
Prepared by: Annette Hagedorn