Name of Object:
Prayer rug with multiple prayer niches (fragment)
Museum of Islamic Art at the Pergamon Museum
Date of Object:
Hegira 11th century / AD 17th century
Museum Inventory Number:
Material(s) / Technique(s):
Wool, maroon and white, knotted.
Length 128 cm, width 329 cm
Period / Dynasty:
Ushak region, western Turkey.
This carpet fragment is the preserved part of a considerably larger prayer rug featuring multiple prayer niches. The carpet features a row of six red niches of various widths that are closed at the top by dark-blue arches. The sixth niche on the left-hand side is only a half-niche as the carpet was cut at this point and the border repaired. The niches are separated using fine green lines that run down to the bottom and which could be interpreted as substitute columns. The carpet’s narrow border consists of a double-edged, reciprocal pattern of alternating light-blue and yellow crenellations. The wider, less complete, border has a single row of crenellations, yellow alternating with blue.
View Short Description
This carpet with its pattern of multiple niches is part of a once much larger rug. It was probably made for use in a mosque. It is unique because the design does not include the usual complicated patterns but instead makes a strong impact through its plain vibrant colours.
O. Bernheimer Collection, Munich
How date and origin were established:
The carpet has been dated on the grounds of its pattern, colours and knot-technique to be from the 11th / 17th century.
How Object was obtained:
Obtained in 1961 from the O. Bernheimer Collection, Munich.
How provenance was established:
The carpet belongs to a group of Ottoman carpets that are referred to as the Ushak Group.
Arseven, C. E., Les Arts Décoratifs Turcs, Istanbul, 1952.
Citation of this web page:
Annette Hagedorn "Prayer rug with multiple prayer niches (fragment)" in Discover Islamic Art, Museum With No Frontiers, 2019. http://islamicart.museumwnf.org/database_item.php?id=object;ISL;de;Mus01;38;en
Prepared by: Annette Hagedorn