Name of Object:
Museum of Islamic Art
Date of Object:
Hegira 8th century / AD 14th century
Museum Inventory Number:
Material(s) / Technique(s):
Copper inlaid with silver.
Height 17 cm, diameter (of the opening) 44 cm
Period / Dynasty:
This piece, a deep copper basin inlaid with silver, is decorated with an epigraphic band written in thuluth script whose text reads: 'Made for the honourable Excellency, the sublime master, the learned, the just, the warrior (of the frontiers), the defender (of the faith), the masterful, al-Sayfi Tabtaq al-Maliki al-Ashrafi.' The name carried by this vessel is linked to Amir Tabtaq, one of the officers under al-Malik al-Ashraf Khalil, who ruled from AH 689–93 / AD 1290–4. Tabtaq was the governor of Qus a city in Upper Egypt, during the third reign of Sultan al-Nasir Muhammad ibn Qalawun (AH 709–41 / AD 1309–40). A number of blazons depicting a goblet, a symbol for the position of cupbearer, intermingle with the inscriptions. The inside centre base of the basin holds a design composed of six fishes arranged in a spiral format.
View Short Description
A basin would form a pair with a ewer as an indispensable item in hand-washing and cleanliness in general. This basin, inlaid with silver, bears the blazon of its owner, the cupbearer Amir Tabtaq.
How date and origin were established:
The basin was dated based on studies of the inscriptions which bear the name of Amir Tabtaq, one of the officers of al-Malik al-Ashraf Khalil, and a governor of the City of Qus during the reign of Sultan al-Nasir Muhammad ibn Qalawun.
How Object was obtained:
The basin was uncovered during the course of archaeological excavations in 1966 at Qus.
How provenance was established:
This piece was produced in Egypt, for in addition to having been discovered in the Egyptian City of Qus, it was commissioned specifically for Amir Tabtaq. Furthermore, the inlay technique used on this basin is in the mode that flourished in Egypt during the Mamluk period. There are a number of pieces, acquired by museums, that have been made in an identical manner to this piece, and whose provenance has been attributed to Egypt.
Abd al-Razzaq, A., “Al-Ranuq ala 'asr Salateen al-Mamalik [Blazons during the Mamluk period]”,in Majalat al-Jam'iya al-Tarikhiya [Journal of the Historical Association], Vol. 21, Cairo, 1974.
Citation of this web page:
Muhammad Abbas Muhammad Selim "Basin" in Discover Islamic Art, Museum With No Frontiers, 2019. http://islamicart.museumwnf.org/database_item.php?id=object;ISL;eg;Mus01;15;en
Prepared by: Muhammad Abbas Muhammad Selim