Name of Object:

Plate with lotus leaves

Location:

Raqqada, Kairouan, Tunisia

Holding Museum:

Museum of Islamic Art

 About Museum of Islamic Art, Raqqada.

Date of Object:

Hegira, last third of the 4th century or beginning of the 5th century / AD 10th–11th centuries

Museum Inventory Number:

C 5

Material(s) / Technique(s):

Glazed and decorated ceramic.

Dimensions:

Height 7 cm, diameter 27 cm; diameter (of base) 10 cm, thickness 0.6 cm

Period / Dynasty:

Aghlabid–Early Fatimid

Provenance:

Raqqada or Kairouan.

Description:

Plate with circular base and curved rim. The beige background is tin-glazed with no slip. The decoration is in green and yellow ochre with lively floral and geometric patterns. On the rim there are repeated sequences of two green and one ochre semi-circle. A similar juxtaposition of tones is used to great effect in the middle of the plate, where a central six-pointed star is surrounded by alternating spirals and lotus leaves.
This striking combination of exuberance, richness and variety of ornamentation is rare in Oriental ceramics of this period. The colourful, stylised flora achieves a complex rhythmic effect.

View Short Description

The floral and geometric decoration on this ring-based dish combines green and yellow ochre. The richness and variety of its ornamentation are typical of Aghlabid ceramics, with the colours, hues and stylised flora creating a very varied rhythmic effect.

How date and origin were established:

Raqqada, the Aghlabid capital, was built in 263 / 876. Since the plate was discovered on the excavation site, this date must be a terminus ante quem. Moreover, the colours and decoration of the piece are typical of the Aghlabid period, which ends with the advent of the Fatimids in 296 / 909. So it is probable that the latter date is the terminus post quem for the plate, even though the same type of work may have continued into the early Fatimid era.

How Object was obtained:

The plate was among objects discovered on site during the 1960 excavations at Raqqada. Initially kept on site, the piece was put on display in 1986 at the Museum of Islamic Art at Raqqada.

How provenance was established:

The discovery of this plate, made and painted in the Ifriqiyan manner, on site at Raqqada appears to confirm that it was produced locally in the pottery workshops of Kairouan or Raqqada.

Selected bibliography:

30 ans au service du patrimoine (exhibition catalogue), 1986, p.251.
Tunisie: du christianisme a l'islam (exhibition catalogue), Lattes, 2001, p.184.
Tunisie, terre de rencontres et de civilisation (Seville exhibition catalogue), Tunis,
1992, p.274.
Ifriqiya: Thirteen Centuries of Art and Architecture in Tunisia, pp.173–4.

Citation of this web page:

Mourad Rammah "Plate with lotus leaves" in Discover Islamic Art, Museum With No Frontiers, 2020. http://islamicart.museumwnf.org/database_item.php?id=object;ISL;tn;Mus01;19;en

Prepared by: Mourad Rammah
Copyedited by: Margot Cortez
Translation by: David Ash
Translation copyedited by: Mandi Gomez


MWNF Working Number: TN 29