Name of Object:
London, United Kingdom
Victoria and Albert Museum
Date of Object:
Between hegira 872–901 / AD 1468–96
Museum Inventory Number:
Material(s) / Technique(s):
Brass, engraved and inlaid with silver and gold.
Height 163 cm, diameter 74 cm
Period / Dynasty:
A large brass lamp holder; a hexagonal base tapers upward to an upper structure which once supported a dome, now lost, to which the suspension chain would have been attached. The bottom of the structure would have held several small glass oil lamps, accessed through a door in one of the six sides which is now missing. The sides are pierced to let the light from the lamps through, as well as engraved and inlaid with designs in which an inscription medallion praising Sultan Qaytbay is nestled among floral decoration. A large inscription band at the bottom of the lamp holder, repeated in smaller calligraphy in a parallel band at the top, declares: 'Glory to our lord the Sultan, the most noble ruler, sultan of Islam and the Muslims, reviver of justice in the world, suppressor of the immoral and rebellious, sultan of the Arabs and Persians, lord of the two seas, servant of the Two Holy Shrines, master of kings and sultans, Commander of the Faithful, Abu'l-Nasr Qaytbay, may God Almighty make his reign long'! When this lamp holder hung in a mosque it is unlikely that its decoration would have been visible; still, it is indicative of the quality of the arts under Sultan Qaytbay.
View Short Description
A large brass lamp holder, the sides of which are pierced to reveal the light supplied by oil lamps held in its bottom. The decoration, executed in several techniques, includes several inscriptions naming Sultan Qaytbay. The lamp holder must originally have hung in a mosque he founded or renovated.
How date and origin were established:
Inscriptions on the object name Qaytbay as Sultan and imply that he is still alive ('may God extend his rule'), the lamp holder is thus dated to his regnal dates, 872–901 / 1468–96.
How Object was obtained:
Purchased by the Museum in 1888.
How provenance was established:
Cairo was the Mamluk capital and thus the likeliest place that an object of such quality would have been made.
Mitter, P. and Clunas, C., "The Empire of Things: The Engagement with the Orient", A Grand Design: The Art of the Victoria and Albert Museum (eds. M. Baker and B. Richardson), London, 1997, pp.255-6.
Citation of this web page:
Barry Wood "Lamp holder" in Discover Islamic Art, Museum With No Frontiers, 2019. http://islamicart.museumwnf.org/database_item.php?id=object;ISL;uk;Mus02;12;en
Prepared by: Barry Wood