Timeline | | EGYPT

Date

Country | Description

527 A.D.

Egypt

Byzantine Emperor Justinian orders the construction of St. Catherine’s Monastery at the foot of Mount Moses in Central Sinai. It became the third pilgrimage site after Jerusalem and Rome.

571 A.D.

Egypt

Birth in Mecca of Prophet Muhammad from the tribe of Quraysh.

619 A.D.

Egypt

Egypt, Jerusalem and Damascus come under the rule of the Persian Emperor Xerxes II.

627 A.D.

Egypt

Prophet Muhammad sends a letter to Cyrus, the Byzantine Patriarch of Alexandria and ruler of Egypt, inviting him to accept Islam. Cyrus sends gifts to the Prophet in answer, together with two sisters from Upper Egypt. The Prophet married one of them, called Maria the Copt. She bore him his only son, who died in boyhood.

639 A.D.

Egypt

The first mosque in Egypt is built in Bilbis, east of the Delta, to honour the martyrs and 120 companions of the Prophet who died in battle there during the Arab invasion of Egypt. It followed the ground plan of the Prophet's mosque in Medina.

641 A.D.

Egypt

Babylon (the Roman settlement south of present-day Cairo) capitulates to the Muslim armies led by Amr ibn al-'As.The first Islamic capital of Egypt, Fustat, is founded.

655 A.D.

Egypt

Ali ibn Abi Talib, the Prophet's cousin and companion, isappointed wali (ruler) of Egypt by ‘Uthman ibn ‘Affan, the third Righteous Caliph.

750 A.D.

Egypt

Egypt comes under the control of the Abbasid Caliphate and al-Askar, the second Islamic capital of Egypt, is founded. Marwan ibn Muhammad, the last Umayyad Caliph in the East, is murdered in Abu Seir, Fayyum, west of the Delta.

764 A.D.

Egypt

A great famine strikes the country due to the low Nile flood, during the rule of Amir Yazid ibn Hakim al-Mahdi, ruler of the Abbasids.

867 A.D.

Egypt

Abbasid Caliph al-Mu’tazz appoints Bakbak as governor to Egypt, but Bakbak sends Ahmad Ibn Tulun instead.

869 A.D.

Egypt

Ahmad Ibn Tulun rules independently from the Abbasid Caliphate and founds al-Qatai city, the third Islamic capital of Egypt.

877 A.D.

Egypt

The completion of the Great Mosque of Ahmad ibn Tulun, which features many innovative elements in Islamic architecture. Annexed to it was a bimaristan (hospital) to treat the poor and it also served as a shelter for the disabled.

895 A.D.

Egypt

The marriage of the daughter of Khumarawayh, Qatr al-Nada, to the Abbasid Caliph al-Mu'tadid. The legendary wedding, including the trousseau, costs the Egyptian treasury over 1.2 million gold dinars.

905 A.D.

Egypt

The Tulunid dynasty collapses and Egypt reverts to direct Abbasid control.

935 A.D.

Egypt

Muhammad ibn Tughj rules Egypt autonomously under the title of al-Ikhshid given to him by the Abbasid Caliph.
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