Name of Object:



London, England, United Kingdom

Holding Museum:

Victoria and Albert Museum

 About Victoria and Albert Museum, London

Date of Object:

Probably after hegira 350 / AD 961

Museum Inventory Number:


Material(s) / Technique(s):

Carved ivory with silver.


Height 8.5 cm, length 13 cm, width 8.5 cm

Period / Dynasty:

Spanish Umayyad


Córdoba or Madinat al-Zahra.


An ivory casket with a truncated pyramidal lid, fitted with mounts of nielloed silver. The carved decoration, which includes intertwining leafy stems and an Arabic inscription stating that the casket was made for the daughter of the Caliph ‘Abd al-Rahman III, is nearly identical to that on another casket in the Victoria and Albert Museum, with the exception of a few spelling mistakes in the inscription. For many years it was thought that this casket was a copy of the other casket held at the V&A and made by the 19th-century Spanish forger Don Francisco Pallás y Puig (1859–1926), but recent radiocarbon analysis confirms that this object is quite likely to be original, and it, along with its ‘twin’, may have been made as a pair for the Caliph’s daughter.

View Short Description

A finely carved ivory casket decorated with gracefully intertwining tendrils and an Arabic inscription stating that it was made for the daughter of the Spanish Umayyad Caliph ‘Abd al-Rahman III. She may have used it as a jewel-box.

Original Owner:

Daughter (name unknown) of the Spanish Umayyad Caliph ‘Abd al-Rahman III

How date and origin were established:

Recent radiocarbon analysis showed the ivory used to make this casket dates to the 3rd / 9th century; the inscription, as with that on the other V&A casket (UK2 06, 301–1866) names the Spanish Umayyad Caliph ‘Abd al-Rahman III and implies that he is dead, making the likely date of production sometime shortly after AH 350 / AD 961.

How Object was obtained:

Bequest of George Salting in 1910.

How provenance was established:

The Spanish Umayyads were centred at Córdoba, while the carved marble decoration on the walls of the reception hall of Madinat al-Zahra features a similar floral pattern.

Selected bibliography:

Fake? The Art of Deception (ed. M. Jones), London, 1990, p.179, cat. no. 187.
Kühnel, E., Die islamischen Elfenbeinskulpturen VIII.–XIII. Jahrhundert, Berlin, 1971, p.33, no. 21.
Rosser-Owen, M., ‘Questions of Authenticity: The Imitation Ivories of Don Francisco Pallás y Puig (1859–1926)’, Journal of the David Collection 2, 2004 (forthcoming).

Citation of this web page:

Barry Wood "Casket" in Discover Islamic Art, Museum With No Frontiers, 2024.;ISL;uk;Mus02;8;en

Prepared by: Barry Wood
Copyedited by: Mandi Gomez

MWNF Working Number: UK2 08