Al-Franj: the Crusaders in the Levant
Pilgrimage to the Holy Land
‘The Holy Land was a place of pilgrimage for both Muslims and Christians.’
The Holy Land was a place of pilgrimage both for Muslims and Christians. Muslims would stop-off there on their way to Mecca on their foremost pilgrimage (hajj); they would visit the Dome of the Rock and the Aqsa Mosque in Jerusalem before continuing to Mecca. For Christian pilgrims the Holy Land was the end goal, with Jerusalem, Bethlehem and Hebron as the most important destinations.
Haram al-Sharif (Noble Sanctuary)

Hegira 15–493 / AD 637–1099; AH 583–1336 / AD 1187–1917
A series of consecutive Islamic periods ranging from the Umayyad to the Ottoman dynasties
The Haram al-Sharif or Noble Sanctuary marks the place where, according to the Islamic tradition, the Prophet Muhammad ascended to heaven. It is, therefore, one of the three most venerated sites for Muslims and a place of pilgrimage for Jews and Christians alike.