Name of Monument:

Alaaddin Mosque

Location:

Konya, Turkey

Date of Monument:

Construction began during the reign of Sultan Mesud [Mas’ud] I (hegira 510 / AD 1116) and was completed during the reign of Sultan Alaaddin Keykubad [‘Ala al-Din Kay Qubadh] I (hegira 635 / AD 1237)

Architect(s) / master-builder(s):

Architect: Muhammed bin Havlan al-Dımışki; Minbar Master: Mevgim Berti el-Hacı el-Ahlatı;

Tile Master: Kerimeddin Erdişah.

Period / Dynasty:

Anatolian Seljuq

Patron(s):

Sultan Mesud I (r. AH 510–50 / AD 1116–55), Sultan Kılıçarslan [Qılıch Arslan] II (r. AH 550–88 / AD 1155–92), Sultan İzzeddin Keykavus [‘Izz al-Din Kay Kawus] I (r. AH 607–17 / AD 1210–20), Sultan Alaaddin Keykubad I (r. AH 617–34 / AD 1220–37).

Description:

Built on an ancient mound, the mosque is named after the Sultan Alaaddin Keykubad I, who completed it. Its present state presents a distorted layout. To the north of the prayer hall is a wide courtyard. The western part of the south (qibla) wall is thicker than the eastern part. The eastern part of the prayer hall has seven aisles separated by six rows of columns that are different from one another because most of them are spolia. Both the western and eastern areas of the prayer hall have columns that are connected by pointed arches and both areas are covered with a flat roof. Where the rows of columns join the eastern wall there are wide engaged piers. The western part of the mosque has an even more irregular layout because columns were added to the west of the bay in front of the mihrab, as was the case in the eastern part, where the irregularity of the piers also points to repairs at various times.
Traces of brick arches observed in the east and west walls in a north–south direction give the impression that these walls were formed by closing off arches. The present lateral lines of arches sometimes end at piers or sometimes in the middle of arches on the west and east. This is considered to be an indication that the eastern part, i.e. the original mosque, had aisles running perpendicular to the qibla wall.
There are two portals at the north end of the mosque. The pointed arch of the eastern portal is surmounted by a knot-work motif in bi-coloured marble. This façade and the columned niches on it were built during the reign of Alaaddin Keykubad I. The wooden minbar, executed using the kündekari technique, and the mihrab decorated in tile mosaic, are noteworthy, for they reflect the fine taste and workmanship of the Seljuq period.
There are two monumental tombs in the courtyard. The decagonal one was built during the reign of Kılıçarslan II. The (incomplete) octagonal one was probably built during the reign of İzzeddin Keykavus I.
The structure was originally built as a mosque and is still used as a place of worship today.

View Short Description

Alaaddin Mosque is built on an ancient mound known today as Alaaddin Hill. The two parts of the prayer hall point to important alterations in the history of the structure. Decorations on the northern façade and northern portal display Mamluk influence while the tile mosaics on the transition zone of the cupola before the mihrab and those on the mihrab bear characteristics of the AH 7th / AD 13th century.

How Monument was dated:

The structure is dated on the basis of its architectural properties and the repair inscriptions. There are several inscriptions in the mosque, especially on the courtyard walls. In these inscriptions, four Seljuq sultans are named: Mesud I (r. 510–50 / 1116–55); Kılıçarslan II (r. 550–88 / 1155–92); İzzeddin Keykavus I (r. 607–17 / 1210–20) and Alaaddin Keykubad I (r. 617–34 / 1220–37). Construction of the mosque was by order of Mesud I and it was added to and altered at various times. The tiles of the domed bay before the mihrab were made by Kerimeddin Erdişah in 617 / 1220, probably during the reign of İzzeddin Keykavus I or Alaaddin Keykubad I.

Selected bibliography:

Aslanapa, O., and Diez E., Türk Sanatı [Turkish Art], Istanbul, 1955, pp.56–7.
Arseven, C. E., Türk Sanatı [Turkish Art], Istanbul, 1984, p.59.
Oral, Z. M., “Konya'da Alaud-din Camii ve Türbeleri”, [The 'Ala al-Din Mosque in Konya and its Turbes] Yıllık Araştırmalar Dergisi [Annual Journal of Research], I (1956), pp.45–75.
Sönmez, Z., Başlangıcından 16. yüzyıla kadar Anadolu-Türk İslam Mimarisinde Sanatçılar [Artists in Anatolian-Turkish Islamic Architecture, from the Beginning to the 16th century], Ankara, 1995, p.220.

Citation of this web page:

Ertan Daş "Alaaddin Mosque" in Discover Islamic Art, Museum With No Frontiers, 2021. 2021. https://islamicart.museumwnf.org/database_item.php?id=monument;ISL;tr;Mon01;3;en

Prepared by: Ertan Daş
Translation by: Barry Wood, İnci Türkoğlu
Translation copyedited by: Mandi Gomez


MWNF Working Number: TR 03